Formally, the functions of a journalist include the search, analysis and processing of information for publication in the media. But the profession of a journalist implies not only communication with people and presentation of heard, seen and read, but also the ability to distinguish from the array of information the main thing, to compare different sources, to check the received information - that is, to process it comprehensively.
The ultimate goal of the journalist's work is to form public opinion on various issues.
Of course, every media has its own theme, orientation and structure. In some media there are reporters simply collecting information from the scene, copywriters,analysts and correctorswho process information without leaving offices, correspondents or photojournalists and many others.
Despite the fact that the profession of journalist is often called "the second oldest", it has arisen already in a fairly developed society. Heralds, heralds, deacons, who warned the people about the decisions of the rulers were harbingers of journalists as distributors of information.
The profession developed after the development and widespread distribution of printing - around the 19th century.
The general requirements for a journalist are:
Higher vocational education;
experience in writing media articles (usually on a specific topic);
The ability to interview
literate oral and written speech.
In some cases, knowledge of a foreign language is required, sometimes with practical experience in a particular field.
If you are thinking about how to become a journalist, it is best to finish the law school. Sometimes there is enough philological or other humanitarian education.
There are many journalists who have made a career with both technical or, for example, medical education. But to do this, you need to be at least a good specialist in his field and at the same time good to know the Russian language (and not only to be able to write competently, but also to do it "delicious").
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